What are charities for and how should they be regulated?

first_imgWhat are charities for and how should they be regulated? Advertisement Main image: red ribbon red tape? by Africa Studio on Shutterstock.com  75 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1 Tagged with: Charity Commission Fundraising Regulator Law / policy NCVO regulationcenter_img Howard Lake | 17 February 2016 | News The Centre for the Study of British Politics and Public Life at Birkbeck College, London, last night hosted a panel discussion on the role of charities and how they should be regulated.The panel of speakers consisted of:Sir Stuart Etherington (NCVO)Lucy de Groot (Trustee of the Baring Foundation)Rob Macmillan (Third Sector Research Centre, University of Birmingham)and the event was chaired by Joe Irvin, Chief Executive of Living Streets.The discussion at the free event addressed a range of questions including:What are charities for?Why are they special and what is the purpose of regulating them?How should they be regulated?How do and should they organise their funding?Why do charities fail?What are the ideas behind our current system and how are these changing?What is the appropriate role of the regulators?You can read more about the event from the Centre for the Study of British Politics and Public Life, and you can listen to the recording of the 1 hour 50 minute event:  76 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1 About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.last_img read more

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German “Facebook Law“ creates risk of over-blocking

first_img June 2, 2021 Find out more GermanyEurope – Central Asia Online freedoms Freedom of expressionInternet July 10, 2017 German “Facebook Law“ creates risk of over-blocking Justin TALLIS / AFP German BND Act: A missed opportunity for press freedom Organisation RSF asks Germany to let Myanmar journalist Mratt Kyaw Thu apply for asylum Follow the news on Germany Reporters Without Borders is concerned that the “Facebook Law” about to be finally passed by Germany’s second chamber of parliament will have negative repercussions for press freedom. Even though during parliamentary deliberations the governing coalition took up some of the criticism against the bill and changed a number of problematic provisions at the last minute, the core problem of the bill against hate-speech in social media – or Network Enforcement Act, as it is officially named – remains unresolved: Backed by a threat of heavy monetary fines, the law will oblige providers of social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, YouTube or Twitter to remove “clearly unlawful” content within 24 hours of notification. “The short deadline for removal, coupled with the threat of heavy fines, will very likely drive social networks to remove more content than is legally justified. Even journalistic publications will face a real danger of being affected by this kind over-blocking without due process”, said RSF Germany’s executive director Christian Mihr. “This hastily-drafted bill should be adjourned and only decided upon after national elections this coming fall and after thorough consultations with civil society. This applies especially true for the crucial question under which conditions content will have to be removed.” The obligation to remove content within 24 hours will apply to posts “clearly” punishable under German criminal law, such as obvious cases of sedition, threats, insult, libel and slander. For illegal, but not clearly defamatory or inciting content, the deadline for removal is set at seven days and can be extended if the respective network delegates the binding decision to a yet to be created body of self-regulation. Consistent non-compliance with the law may be punished with fines between five and 50 million Euros. THE BILL RISKS AGGRAVATING THE PROBLEM OF NON TRANSPARENT CONTENT REMOVAL PRACTICES Given social networks’ essential role not only as a tool of journalistic investigation and for news distribution, but also for bypassing censorship in repressive countries such as China, Turkey or Vietnam, RSF has warned Germany’s government and lawmakers against setting a dangerous precedent that may easily be used as an excuse for new censorship by authoritarian governments eager to repress independent voices. At the same time, regulation of social media is sorely needed because networks like Facebook have a history of removing journalistic content and backing down only after public protest. For instance, last fall Facebook deleted a post by Norway’s Aftenposten newspaper showing the iconic photo of the “Vietnam girl” fleeing naked from Napalm bombs. Last year in June, the network blocked the account of French journalist and Radio France International terrorism expert David Thomson because of an old post showing a photo depicting the “Islamic State” militia’s flag. In Myanmar, Facebook recently provoked a storm by suddenly blocking posts containing the word “kalar”, which is often employed by nationalists as a derisive term for the country’s Muslim minority but may equally be used in innocuous expressions or in media articles criticizing nationalists’ agitation. Examples like these show how problematic it is to let social networks decide in a completely non transparent manner which content to delete or block. RSF has therefore called for years on social network companies to engage in a serious dialogue about this practice. However, the new German law risks aggravating the problem rather than encouraging procedures tied more closely to the rule of law. It remains thus unclear how the private companies that social media providers are should be able to decide within a very short timeframe about complex legal questions that often take months to be ruled on when taken to court. NO EMPIRICAL BASIS EXISTS FOR THE NEED OF SUCH A LAW Among the questions left open by the bill is why some criminal offenses are to be covered by the new law while others are not. It also remains unclear why the government deems necessary a new law for some offenses in the first place, considering that empirical data about social networks’ performance dealing with hate speech is virtually non-existent. Reporters Without Borders and almost all other experts had lambasted the bill in a public hearing by parliament’s legal committee. After that, the governing coalition reduced the range of offenses covered by the bill and excluded in particular state-related offenses such as insult of the president. The coalition also dropped a clause requiring social networks to use content filters that would have automatically analyzed any existing content and deleted it if deemed illegal, which would effectively have made impossible to publish some content even though no judge would ever have ruled on its legal status. Among its few positive aspects, the bill obliges social networks to name representatives who will have to respond to prosecutors’ requests within 48 hours, aiming to speed up judicial investigations and to strengthen legal recourse. The bill also requires the companies to publish transparency reports about their deletion practice, even though it is incomprehensible why such reports will now have to be produced every half year only rather than every three months, as was initially intended. Germany is ranked 16th among 180 countries on RSF’s annual World Press Freedom Index. Help by sharing this information News Use the Digital Services Act to make democracy prevail over platform interests, RSF tells EU to go further Receive email alerts May 31, 2021 Find out more GermanyEurope – Central Asia Online freedoms Freedom of expressionInternet News RSF_en News News March 30, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

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SC Directs A UP Medical College To Deposit Five Crores For Intentionally Violating Medical Council Regulations While Admitting Students

first_imgTop StoriesSC Directs A UP Medical College To Deposit Five Crores For Intentionally Violating Medical Council Regulations While Admitting Students Srishti Ojha24 Feb 2021 7:19 AMShare This – x]Supreme Court has on Wednesday directed Saraswati Medical College to deposit an amount of Rupees Five Crores to the Supreme Court’s Registry for intentionally violating the Medical Council Regulations by granting admission to students not allotted by the Director General Medical Education. The Court refused to condone the violation made by College in providing admission to 132 students…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login]Supreme Court has on Wednesday directed Saraswati Medical College to deposit an amount of Rupees Five Crores to the Supreme Court’s Registry for intentionally violating the Medical Council Regulations by granting admission to students not allotted by the Director General Medical Education. The Court refused to condone the violation made by College in providing admission to 132 students on its own and permitting them to continue despite Medical Council of India’s direction to discharge them. The Court has directed the National Medical Commission to constitute a Trust, including the Accountant General of the State of UP, an eminent educationist and a representative of the State as Members of the Trust to manage the amount of Rupees Five Crores to be deposited and utilise it to extend financial assistance to needy students seeking admission to medical colleges in the State of Uttar Pradesh. An Action Taken Report has to be filed by the National Medical Commission within a period of 12 weeks from today. A division Bench of Justice Nageswara Rao and Justice Ravindra Bhat issued the directions in plea filed by Saraswati Educational Charitable Trust challenging 2017 notice issued by the Medical Council of India directing Saraswati Medical College to discharge 132 out of 150 students admitted in the first year of MBBS course for the academic year 2017-2018. The Court also considered another plea filed in 2019 by 71 students in first year MBBS course for the academic year 2017-2018 in Saraswati Medical College seeking permission to continue with their studies and direction to the Uttar Pradesh Medical Council, to declare their results of the first year MBBS course. The Court held that the College should not to have admitted 132 students by conducting a selection on its own without requesting the Director General Medical Education to send more candidates, and the Director General could not be blamed for any delay on his part in carrying out the directions issued by the Supreme Court . The Court rejected the College’s submission that there was no other alternative, except to make admission from the list of 735 students who have applied on notice issued by the Director General. The College should not have issued a notice at 7:30 p.m. on 5th September, 2017 and admitted 132 students in four hours. The top Court has observed that even the students who secured admission cannot be said to be innocent as they knew fully well that their names were not recommended by the Director General Medical Education. “The college did not discharge the students even after a notice directing the same was issued by the Medical Council of India, and the students also continued their first year MBBS course and managed to write the first year MBBS course examinations after being permitted by the University. “- the judgement reads. While observing that the admission of these 132 students in the College was completely contrary to the Regulations, the Court considered that as the students have completed the second year MBBS course, cancelling their admissions at this stage would not serve any useful purpose. Therefore the court has directed the students who joined the College knowing that their admissions were contrary to the Regulations, to do community service for a period of two years after completing their MBBS course. The National Medical Commission has been asked to decide the details of the community service to be rendered by the 132 students and workout the modalities. The Court has directed the University to conduct the second year MBBS examination for 126 students admitted in the College and who completed their second year course at the earliest and declare their results. The Court has clarified that these directions have been passed only to save the students from losing three academic years in the peculiar facts and circumstances of this case and shall not be treated as a precedent. FactsSaraswati Medical College, established by Saraswati Educational Charitable Trust applied for grant of renewal of permission for admission of 150 students for the academic year 2017-2018. However, after inspections were conducted, renewal of permission was not granted by an order dated 10th August, 2017. Supreme Court through its order dated 1st September, 2017 directed the respondents, including Union of India and Medical Council of India to permit the College to take part in the counselling process for the year 2017-2018, and extended the cut-off date for completion of admission in respect of the College till 5th September, 2017. The Court also directed the respondents to make available students willing to take admission in the College through central counselling in order of merit. The Director General of Medical Education and Training was requested by the college to provide a list of students from NEET 2017 merit list to enable the College to make admission before deadline. The Director General of Medical Education informed all eligible students about the order passed by the Supreme Court allowing Saraswati Medical College to participate in counselling, asking them to register themselves for admission to first year MBBS course in the College . This was followed by 735 students applying within the time schedule for admission to 150 seats in the College. After receiving applications from the students, the Director General forwarded a list of 150 students on the basis of their merit amongst 735 students, but only 9 out of those 150 students reported and completed their admission formalities by the last date. The college then wrote to the Director General asking for more names from the list of 735 students and issued an urgent notice itself to all the 735 students to avail the opportunity of admission in the college that would be made on the basis of merit. The College filled up total of 132 seats on 5th September on its own and without being recommended by the Director General. The Medical Council of India then wrote a letter and directed the Principal of the Saraswati Medical College to discharge the 132 students who were admitted in violation of the Medical Council of India Regulations on Graduate Medical Education, 1997. Thereafter , a writ petition was filed by the college challenging the Medical Council of India’s direction through its letter dated 29th Sept 2017. Meanwhile the students were permitted to take the examinations for the first year MBBS course by the Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. The Supreme Court on 22th July, 2019 directed the result of the first year MBBS course to be declared provisionally, but subject to the outcome of the Writ Petition. The Court had clarified that the students can not claim any equities on the declaration of the result. The students thereafter approached the Court in 2021 seeking a direction to permit them to appear in the second year MBBS examinations. Contentions of the PartiesThe College in the present case contended before the top Court that the 132 students that it admitted was strictly on the basis of merit amongst those who approached the College under extraordinary circumstances. The Director General was lethargic in not allotting sufficient number of students for admission to first year MBBS 2017-2018 till 4th September and 5th September was the last date as per Supreme Court’s order. Out of the students allotted only a few students took admission. The College was therefore left with no alternative but to make admissions from the list of 735 candidates who applied. The students on the other hand pleaded ignorance about any illegality or irregularity in the matter of their admission to the first year MBBS course, and requested the Court to permit them to complete the course as they are all NEET qualified candidates. According to the students, they cannot be held responsible for any violation of the Regulations as they only responded to notice that was issued for admission and participated in the the selection process conducted by the College. The Medical Council of India argued before the Apex Court that in terms of Regulation 5 A of the Medical Council Regulations on Graduate Medical Education, 1997 all admissions to the MBBS course should be made on the basis of the merit list of the NEET and from the list sent by the Director General Medical Education based on students’ ranking. The College can make admissions of students allotted by the Director General Medical Education. Therefore, the students who were admitted contrary to the Regulations would not be entitled to claim any equity and the College which acted in blatant violation of the Regulation is liable to be penalised suitably.Last week Supreme Court directed the Kannur Medical College, Kerala  to deposit Rs.15,72,89,020/- with the Admission Supervisory Committee for Professional Colleges in Kerala along with full details of the guardians/students to whom the amounts have to be refunded within a period of one month.The bench comprising Justices S. Abdul Nazeer and Sanjeev Khanna also directed it to make a deposit of Rs.25 crores with the Admission Supervisory Committee as a pre condition to claim affiliation.CASE: Saraswati Educational Charitable Trust vs. Union of India  [Writ Petition (C) No.40 of 2018]CITATION: LL 2021 SC 112Click Here To Download Judgment[Read Judgment]Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

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Walk the Ediacara Two-Step

first_imgControversy is swirling around claims that footprints have been found in rock 30 million years earlier than the Cambrian explosion.  The press release on Ohio State shows a picture of parallel rows of dots that a team from Ohio State claims look like footprints of a worm-like or millipede-like animal.  The rocks are said to be 570 million years old.  That puts them in the so-called Ediacaran strata of the Precambrian, where only frond-like organisms unrelated to any modern body plans have been found.  Even the discoverer, Loren Babcock, is only “reasonably certain” the patterns are biological.  He expects others will be skeptical.The pictures don’t look convincing.  If they prove to be tracks, it doesn’t help the evolutionists, anyway.  Worms and millipedes are already highly-complex organisms.  Imagine how much genetic information is required for an animal to walk with multiple legs.    Without the bodies of the track-makers visible, no claims can be made these represent transitional forms.  It appears the authors have not ruled out other more mundane explanations.  This claim needs much better evidence.(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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Le secteur automobile en Afrique du Sud

first_imgLe secteur automobile de l’Afrique du Sud est un moteur turbo general pour la fabrication et l’exportation de vehicules et de composants. Le secteur represente environ 10% des exportations du secteur industriel d’Afrique du Sud, ce qui en fait un element essentiel de l’economie.Avec une production annuelle de 535 000 vehicules en 2007, et une augmentation attendue a 630 000 en 2008, l’Afrique du Sud peut etre consideree comme un contributeur mineur a la production mondiale de vehicules qui a atteint 73 millions d’unites en 2007.Mais localement, le secteur automobile est un geant qui contribue a environ 7,5% au produit interieur brut (PIB) du pays et employant environ 36 000 personnes.La gouvernement a identifie le secteur automobile comme un secteur essentiel de la croissance dans le but d’augmenter la production de vehicules a 1,2 million d’unites d’ici 2020 tout en augmentant de façon importante la quantite nationale.CroissanceInvestissementFord, GM, Mercedes-Benz, Toyota, VW …Le Programme de Developpement du Secteur AutomobileLes avantages concurrentielsLes fabricants de composants pour voituresUn choix immenseCroissanceL’Afrique du sud a ete l’un des marches automobiles les plus performants du monde au cours de ces dernieres annees. Les nouveaux chiffres de ventes de voitures ont atteint des records pendant trois annees successives, de 2004 a 2006. en 2006, les ventes ont augmente de 14,4% juste en dessous de 650 000 unites, generant un revenu de 118,4 milliards de rands.Les ventes ont chute de 5,4% en 2007 et devraient reculer encore en 2008 car les taux d’interet et les prix plus eleves font ralentir les depenses.Cependant, des programmes importants d’exportation devraient permettre de conserver le dynamisme de l’industrie locale. Les exportations de vehicules etaient aux alentours de 170 000 unites en 2007 et l’Association Automobile Nationale d’Afrique du Sud (Naamsa) espere une augmentation a 285 000 unites en 2008. C’est une croissance extraordinaire, surtout lorsqu’on la compare avec 1997 lorsque le nombre d’unites exportees etait en dessous de 20 000.L’Afrique du Sud exporte actuellement des vehicules vers plus de 70 pays, principalement le Japon (environ 29% de la valeur du total de ses exportations), l’Australie (20%), le Royaume-Uni (12%) et les USA (11%). Les destinations africaines d’exportation comprennent l’Algerie, le Zimbabwe et le Nigeria.InvestissementDe nombreuses multinationales utilisent l’Afrique du Sud pour sous-traiter des composants et assembler des vehicules pour les marches locaux et etrangers.De 2000 a 2006, les investissements du secteur dans les infrastructures de production et d’exportation ont quadruple, de 1,5 milliard de rands a 6,2 milliards de rands avant de ralentir a 3 milliards de rands en 2007. Les investissements en capital devraient se situer autour de 4 milliards de rands en 2008.La plupart ont ete des investissements etrangers, les societes meres de fabricants de voitures locaux developpant leurs activites locales pour ameliorer la capacite de production, les installations d’exportation et les infrastructures de financement.Tous les grands fabricants du pays ont lance des programmes d’exportation importants au cours de ces dernieres annees, le dernier (enjanvier 2008) etant celui de la societe Ford Motor d’Afrique du Sud.Ford, GM, Mercedes-Benz, Toyota, VW …FordEn janvier 2008, la Societe Ford Motor d’Afrique australe a annonce des projets d’investissement de plus de 1,5 milliard de rands pour developper ses activites en Afrique du Sud pour la production des pickups compacts derniere generation de Ford et du moteur diesel Puma.La branche locale du geant automobile americain a declare que l’investissement commencerait en 2009 et serait reparti entre son usine d’assemblage de Silverton a Pretoria et son usine de moteurs de Struandale a Port Elizabeth, la plupart des vehicules produits etant destines a l’exportation.General MotorsGeneral Motors South Africa, base a Port Elizabeth dans la province d’Eastern Cape, vend les marques Chevrolet, Opel, Isuzu, Saab, Cadillac et Hummer. En 2005, la societe a remporte un contrat de six ans pour assembler et exporter le Hummer H3, ce qui a eu pour consequence un investissement de 100 millions de dollars dans son usine de Struandale.GM South Africa construit un nouveau centre de conversion et de distribution de vehicule de plusieurs multi millions de rands et investit 481 millions de rands dans ses activites, modernisant ses installations de production et d’outillage en 2008.Mercedes-BenzMercedes-Benz South Africa fabrique des vehicules Mercedes-Benz et Mitsubishi dans son usine de fabrication de East London dans la province d’Eastern Cape. Le siege de la societe se trouve dans la province de Gauteng, d’ou les marques Mercedes-Benz, smart, Maybach, Mitsubishi Motors, Freightliner, Western Star et FUSO sont vendues et financees.Mercedes-Benz SA a recemment investi environ 2 milliards de rands pour moderniser son usine de fabrication et produit aujourd’hui des versions avec conduite a droite ou a gauche de la derniere Classe C de Mercedes-Benz pour les marches nationaux et a l’exportation.ToyotaToyota South Africa a recemment entrepris un programme de modernisation et de relativisation de 2,4 milliards de rands. Son usine de Prospecton, juste au sud de Durban, est aujourd’hui l’usine Toyota la plus avancee d’un point de vue technologique en dehors du Japon et est capable de produire environ 220 000 unites par an.En tant qu’usine de production globale, Toyota South Africa s’est transforme de simple fournisseur en une base d’exportation efficace pour fournir des vehicules aux marches en Europe et en Afrique. La societe, qui exporte vers plus de 40 destinations, declare qu’elle s’attend a exporter environ 140 000 unites en 2008, soit presque 60% du total des exportations automobile de l’Afrique du Sud.VolkswagenVolkswagen South Africa se trouve a Uitenhage pres de Port Elizabeth dans la province d’Eastern Cape. En 2007, la societe a fete son 56eme anniversaire en Afrique du Sud, et son 2,5 millionieme vehicule sorti de sa chaine de production. C’est un leader local du marche des passagers, representant environ 21% de toutes les nouvelles ventes de vehicules.De 2000 a 2008, Volkswagen South Africa a investi environ 6 milliards de rands dans de nouveaux modeles, un nouvel atelier de peinture et une nouvelle usine d’assemblage de camions et de bus.Le Programme de Developpement du Secteur AutomobileLe catalyseur de cette croissance phenomenale a ete le Programme de Developpement du Secteur Automobile (MIDP) du gouvernement. Lance en 1995, le programme doit fonctionner jusqu’a son arret progressif en 2012.Le MIDP a favorise les exportations en permettant aux fabricants automobiles locaux d’inclure les valeurs du total des exportations dans le total de leur contenu local, et leur permettant ensuite d’importer la meme valeur en produits hors taxe. Cela a permis aux fabricants automobiles de se concentrer sur la fabrication de certains vehicules ou pieces destines a l’exportation tout en important d’autres modeles.Le MIDP offre aussi une indemnite de capital production aux fabricants de vehicules qui investissent dans des usines et des equipements en leur remboursant 20 % de leurs depenses de capital sous la forme de credit a l’importation et aux taxes sur une duree de cinq ans.Le gouvernement prevoit d’introduire un successeur au MIDP qui cherchera a ameliorer la chaine de valeur nationale. Le nouveau programme, qui durera jusqu’en 2020, se centrera sur l’ajout de valeur tout en etant coherent avec les obligations multilaterales de l’Afrique du Sud. Cela prendra probablement la forme d’un financement de la production.Le Ministere du commerce et de l’Industrie declare que ce nouveau programme de financement aura pour consequence plus d’emplois ainsi qu’un developpement durable du secteur. Le programme financera la production et des plans d’investissement qui « ont pour objectif d’atteindre un volume minimum de production pour chaque plateforme de 50 000 unites par an dans un delai raisonnable.Les avantages concurrentielsLe secteur automobile de l’Afrique du Sud offre un certain nombre d’avantages concurrentiels d’interet international. Cela comprend un competence imbattable en termes de cout sur de faibles volumes, des couts d’outillage concurrentiels et un degre eleve de flexibilite de fabrication.Le secteur local possede egalement un bon acces aux marches de l’hemisphere sud et de l’Afrique et offre des equipements de production pour la conduite a droite.Le secteur sud-africain beneficie de plusieurs technologies uniques comme le verrouillage differentiel pour les vehicules de piste, la technologie du soudage d’aluminium pour les radiateurs et la capacite a concevoir des pieces comme les purificateurs d’air et les climatiseurs qui sont en mesure de faire face au temperatures elevees et a la poussiere de l’Afrique.Les equipements de production de rang mondial du pays sont associes a des matieres premieres et une electricite peu cheres ainsi qu’a des infrastructures de transport et de telecommunications stables.Le Centre de Developpement du Secteur Automobile et le centre de test Gerotec pres de Pretoria constituent des equipements de niveau mondial pour la recherche, les tests et la formation.De nouvelles opportunites d’investissement sont creees pour le secteur par l’introduction d’accords de libre-echange avec l’Union Europeenne et la Communaute de Developpement de l’Afrique du Sud ainsi que la Loi de la Croissance et des Opportunites Africaines du gouvernement americain.Les fabricants de composants pour voituresIl existe plus de 200 fabricants de composants pour voitures en Afrique du Sud et 150 autres qui fournissent le secteur sur une base non exclusive. Le secteur des composants a un chiffre d’affaires d’environ 50 milliards de rands, soit environ 2% du PIB du pays et s’attend a une croissance solide car le potentiel d’exportation continue a augmenter.L’Afrique du Sud a exporte 30,3 milliards de rands en composants automobiles en 2006, une augmentation de 32% par rapport a 2005. Les convertisseurs catalytiques sont toujours les composants automobiles les plus exportes, representant environ la moitie des exportations de composants.Les autres exportations principales sont les moteurs, les silencieux et les pots d’echappement, les radiateurs, les roues et les pneus, les housses de siege de voiture et cuir, les autoradios et les systemes de sonorisation et les essieux, surtout pour les camions.L’Allemagne, l’Espagne, le Royaume-Uni, les USA, la France et l’Afrique subsaharienne sont les principales destinations des exportations de pieces automobiles de l’Afrique du Sud.Un choix immenseIl existe 1390 « etonnantes » variantes de voitures, vehicules de loisir et vehicules utilitaires dans les salles d’exposition sud-africaines d’apres un rapport du site Web commercial Fin24.com.Le choix disponible a plus que double au cours de ces 10 dernieres annees. En 1997, peu apres le retour d’alfa Romeo, Renault et Chevrolet en Afrique du Sud, et lorsque les premiers locaux ont eu un avant-gout de Mahindra, SsangYong, Dacia, Kia, Hyundai, Daewoo, Saab et Subaru, il y avait 37 fabricants proposant 595 modeles differents.Depuis, Bentley, Cadillac, Citroen, Dodge, Maybach, Mini, Proton, TVR, GWM, Lexus et Tata ont installe des concessionnaires en Afrique du Sud, soit de façon independante, soit en alliant leurs forces avec des distributeurs etablis et des societes de leur groupe.Cependant, malgre les nouveaux venus, la majorite des acheteurs sud-africains ont tendance a choisir des marques connues et etablies comme Toyota, Volkswagen, Ford, Mazda et BMW. Ces marques representent encore plus de 80% des nouvelles ventes de vehicules dans le pays.Derniere mise a jour de l’article : Aout 2008SAinfo reporter. Sources (sites en langue anglaise) :National Association of Automobile Manufacturers of SANational Association of Automobile Component and Allied ManufacturersDepartment of Trade and IndustryGeneral MotorsMercedes Benz South AfricaNissan South AfricaToyota South AfricaBusiness DayEngineering NewsFin24last_img read more

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Skills project to ‘honour Anene Booysen’

first_img19 April 2013 A R10-million skills development and job-creation investment in construction-related programme will be launched by Higher Education and Training Minister Blade Nzimande to honour Anene Booysen and benefit the Bredasdorp community. The 17-year-old teenager and her small Overberg town of Bredasdorp in the Western Cape, came under intense national and international media spotlight in February following her brutal gang-rape, mutilation and murder. Nzimande – through the Construction Sector Education and Training Authority (Seta) and in partnership with the Cape Agulhas Local Municipality – will launch the project on Saturday with the intention of benefiting locals in various training including apprenticeships, learnerships and Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) programmes. Nzimande said the impact of the training, particularly of the largely unemployed youth, will be positive and make a difference in the impoverished rural town near the southern-most tip of the African continent in the Western Cape Province.‘Long-term, sustainable benefits’ “In addition to about 700 learners receiving different training programmes, each trainee will also receive a monthly stipend of about R1 500, which will help in alleviating the socio-economic conditions of the community in the short term while the skills they will receive will lead to longer-term more sustainable benefits,” he said. The training will last for a minimum of nine months and a maximum of 12 months depending on field of training, with a stipend of R1 500 per month per learner who will receive short skills programmes, learnerships and apprenticeships. “Because we recognise that in our communities there are quite a number of informally trained and skilled artisans, this investment will also include an RPL process so that these artisanal skills can be formally recognised and certified,” he said. “This is very exciting as our economy needs artisans now more than ever.’ The short skills programmes will include electrical construction, health and safety and solar geyser installation, while learnerships will be in community house building and road construction. There will also be apprenticeships offered in carpentry, plumbing and electrical construction. About 250 learners will be taken through a construction RPL process. Source: SANews.gov.zalast_img read more

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Three new parties for South Africa’s Parliament

first_img9 May 2014With counting in South Africa’s national election over 96% complete by 11am on Friday – and the African National Congress (ANC) firmly in charge, with the main opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) also making gains – three new political parties are set to take up seats in the country’s Parliament.The newcomers headed for the country’s national legislature are the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), the National Freedom Party (NFP) and the African Independent Congress (AIC).By 11am on Friday, the EFF had racked up 1070873 votes to place third in the national race with 6.2% of the vote, the NFP had bagged 275737 votes to place 5th nationally (1.6%), and the AIC had 92493 votes to place 10th (0.54%).For a seat in South Africa’s Parliament, a political party needs about 47000 votes.Led by former African National Congress (ANC) Youth League president Julius Malema, the EFF, which has only been in existence for around eight months, looks set to be the biggest gainer in the 2014 elections, easily placing third in the national election and set to be the new official opposition in two provinces, Limpopo and North West.The NFP, a breakaway from the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) which, like the IFP, has its stronghold in KwaZulu-Natal, is led by Zanele Magwaza-Msibi, a former president of the IFP Youth Brigade.The AIC, based in the Eastern Cape region of Matatiele in the former Transkei homeland, was only registered as a political party this year.Political analyst Somadoda Fikeni told SAnews on Friday that it was possible that some voters may have unintentionally voted for the AIC, thinking they were voting for the ANC. The AIC appeared just above the ANC on this year’s ballot papers, and the party’s colours also resemble those of the ANC – black, yellow, green and white.“As far as I remember, [the AIC] doesn’t even have people at the results centre,” Fikeni said. “I am sure they are still recovering from the shock themselves.”This year’s elections, according to Fikeni, could see other smaller parties such as the Pan Africanist Congress, the United Christian Democratic Party, the Minority Front, the Azanian People’s Organisation and the African People’s Convention disappearing from Parliament altogether.Another new kid on the block, Agang SA, led by Mamphele Ramphele “never took off from the runway”, Fikeni noted. The party had recorded 46 702 votes (0.27%) by 11am on Friday.Also failing to impress was Kenny Kunene’s recently formed Patriotic Alliance, which received just 12 927 votes (0.07%).But for Fikeni the biggest loser in this year’s election was the Congress of the People (Cope), which received 7.4% of the vote in the 2009 elections and was now – with just 117 259 votes by 11am on Friday – languishing at 0.68% of the vote.SAnews.gov.za and SAinfo reporterlast_img read more

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Web Design and Feedback Tool Notable Gets a Face-Lift

first_imgTop Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Related Posts Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… audrey watters The web design feedback tool Notable has taken a dose of its own medicine, if you will, monitoring its customers’ usage and feedback in order to roll out today what is a major redesign of this great app. Notable is a browser-based tool that lets you easily annotate and share feedback on website design and content. We covered Notable when the app launched a few years ago, and raved about its simplicity. As Frederic Lardinois wrote at the time, “The service works without any hiccups, is easy to use, and clearly focused on giving a specific set of users the right tools to get the job done without being encumbered by lots of extra bells and whistles.” Even so, the app is now more streamlined, with many of its feedback features easier to use.One of the best additions may be that there are now new ways to capture the websites you’d like to annotate. The original version of Notable worked (best) in Firefox, but there are now browser plugins for all major browsers – Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and IE – as well as tools to capture information from the iPhone, iPad, Mac Desktop and Windows Desktop screens. You can also export directly from Photoshop.Capturing what a website looks like is really just the first step in the process of getting feedback and revising it. The redesigned Notable has made it easier to share posts, either with a team, with specific individuals, or even with those outside your team. The app also helps clarify why people are being asked to comment, what sorts of information you’d like, and how they should act on it. Tags:#biz#tips 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market The app has also altered its user and storage limits. With the free account, you can have 10 active pages captured for annotation; the paid plans give you an unlimited number of pages to capture and mark up, as well as several additional features including PDF exports. A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai…last_img read more

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NCAA bans Bolick, 3 others for fracas

first_imgLacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim View comments Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul MOST READcenter_img For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netThe NCAA on Wednesday imposed one-game suspensions on San Beda head coach Boyet Fernandez, Red Lions Robert Bolick and Clint Doliguez, and College of St. Benilde wingman Carlo Young.The three players were involved in an in-game scuffle late in the Red Lions’ 72-58 win on Tuesday.ADVERTISEMENT PGT Asia 2nd leg begins at Splendido LATEST STORIES Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Young went for a takedown that brought Bolick to the floor, igniting a series of ejections that saw Bolick and Doliguez get thrown out with 2:28 remaining in the game.Fernandez, meanwhile, was suspended for his second infraction of “disrespecting game officials.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingBolick was also given a warning by NCAA commissioner Bai Cristobal for the aforementioned offense.The suspension took Bolick out of the running for any individual award including the Most Valuable Player plum. Bolick is currently sixth in the MVP race. —BONG LOZADA, Inquirer.netlast_img read more

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What makes chickens happy University of Guelph researchers try to find out

first_imgNEW YORK — How do you measure a chicken’s happiness? Is it in the way it runs for food? How much time it spends preening?To size up what might make chickens happy in their brief lives, researchers at the University of Guelph in Ontario, Canada, are putting 16 breeds through physical fitness and behavioural tests. They’re watching how well birds scramble over a barrier for food, how skittish they seem and whether they play with a fake worm.Chickens can’t say how they feel, but playing with a fake worm may be a sign of happiness.“We have to infer when an animal is happy or content or experiencing pleasure based on their behaviour,” said Stephanie Torrey, one of the researchers.In recent years, the animal welfare world has moved beyond looking at how to minimize suffering to exploring whether animals can also enjoy their lives, Torrey said.Such measures may be considered irrelevant by companies but underscore a broader lack of consensus around the welfare of chickens, which are sometimes slaughtered as soon as five weeks after hatching.Animal welfare advocates say cruelty begins with birds that have been bred to have breasts so big they can barely walk. They say today’s chickens are genetic monstrosities crippled by pain and that the industry needs to switch breeds.Many in the industry say there’s no problem and that chickens may not move around a lot because they’re sedentary. Even if they were to agree to change breeds, it’s not clear what the alternatives should look like.The two sides disagree about the cause and frequency of health issues among broilers chickens. Tyson and Sanderson Farms, for example, acknowledge that chicken breasts have ballooned over the years, but they say they’re not seeing widespread problems as a result.“If they can’t move and get to the feed trough, they’re not going to survive,” said Mike Cockrell, chief financial officer for Sanderson Farms.John Glisson of the U.S. Poultry and Egg Association says broiler chickens are “couch potatoes” and that some people may mistake the birds’ laziness for a medical issue. He said trying to assess welfare is tricky beyond established industry measures, like whether a chicken dies from disease before it’s slaughtered.The industry says changing breeds is unnecessary, and that switching to broiler chickens that don’t grow as big or as fast would mean using up more water and other resources. Chicken prices at the supermarket would be higher too.Still, animal welfare is becoming a bigger public relations concern, and companies say they’re always looking for ways to take better care of their chickens.Tyson recently ran a trial that let chickens pick from pens with varying levels of light to determine which they prefer. Perdue is testing giving its conventional birds as much light and space as its organic birds, which are the same breed.The Humane Society of the United States says stepping up living conditions helps, but it believes the bigger problem is breeding that has resulted in disfigured chickens. It says chickens have been genetically manipulated to have massive breasts their legs cannot support.“It is crazy for anyone to have to remind the industry that birds naturally walk,” said Josh Balk, the Humane Society’s vice-president of farm animal protection.Balk said the study in Canada will provide important information on what type of chickens might suffer less.University of Guelph researchers are also tracking chicken traits like weight, growth rate and meat quality they hope will be useful to the industry. Aviagen and Tyson-owned Cobb, which supply breeds to chicken producers, are providing birds for the study, including breeds that are widely used.The companies say they already track health and welfare, but that they’re interested in the research.The Guelph study is being funded by the Global Animal Partnership, which certifies corporate animal welfare standards. In 2016, it launched a campaign to get companies to switch to “slower growing” breeds. Since then, it has acknowledged that chicken welfare is more complicated than just growth rate.It’s now pushing for a “better” chicken, and hopes the study will help define what that entails.Only a small percentage of chickens in the U.S. are GAP-certified, and spelling out new requirements for breeds risks making certification even rarer.Anne Malleau, the group’s executive director, notes some of the researchers’ tests may seem far out. But she said providing “enrichments” — such as places where chickens can rest or perch — was also seen as a fringe idea before becoming more accepted.GAP was founded a decade ago with funding from Whole Foods, which still pays Malleau’s and another staffer’s salaries.Back in Guelph, researchers note that chicken traits can make for marketable imagery. That includes behaviours like their willingness to engage with a fake worm — which they note may be misinterpreted as “playing” and happiness.“The jury’s still out whether domestic chickens, with their comparatively smaller brains, have the capacity to play,” Torrey said.____Follow Candice Choi at www.twitter.com/candicechoi___The Associated Press Health & Science Department receives support from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Department of Science Education. The AP is solely responsible for all content.Candice Choi, The Associated Presslast_img read more

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